A total of 11,260,336 working residents in the UK commuted from one local authority to another for work. But, how far do people commute to work? Which local authorities have a higher number of people out-commuting to work elsewhere? Where do the residents in my local authority work, and where does the working population in my local authority live?
Find out this and more with these interactive maps.
The 406 local authorities in England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, and Wales are shown in the map on the right.
You can see that we have marked 3 extremely different cases - a local authority with:
Increase or decrease?
Does your areas population increase or decrease because of commuting patterns? The map highlights (in blue) the local authorities that have more in-commuters than out-commuters; that is: more people coming to work in that area than leave to work elsewhere.
What proportion of the workers living in your local authority work in your local authority, and what proportion commute out to a different local authority?
The map currently highlights (in blue) the areas where over 50 per cent of workers commute out to work. Use the slider to change the threshold.
The share of out-commuters is defined as the number of out-commuters in a local authority divided by the total number of residents (who are in employment) in that local authority. For example, here is a breakdown for East Renfrewshire (Scotland). You can see that 66% of the resident population commute out of the area.
The map on the right highlights the local authorities with highest share of in-commuters. Use the slider to change the threshold.
The people that work in a local authority are its workplace population. The share of in-commuters is defined as the number of in-commuters in a local authority divided by its workplace population. For example, 56% of the workplace population in Manchester commute in from different local authorities.
The London magnet
The map now shows the share of working residents in each local authority that work in Greater London. There are 19 local authorities where over 20% of working residents commute to London, a further 23 local authorities have over 10% of working residents commuting to London and 21 more local authorities have between 5%-10% of working residents commuting to Greater London.
We can also switch to look at the share of working residents in each local authority that work in Inner London. There are 21 local authorities where over 20% of working residents commute to Inner London, and 3 of them are outside of Outer London: Epping Forest (East of England), Brentwood (East of England), and Elmbridge (South East).
Time for you to go to work
The local authorities with more than 70% of in-commuters in their workforce are all in Inner London. For example, 79% of the workplace population in Tower Hamlets commute in from different local authorities; the map on the right shows where these workers live.
Once you close this introduction you can use the interactive map to explore commuting patterns in more detail for your area.
The areas highlighted in red show the significant relationships for the area - significant given the distribution of values for the area, using a method adapted from Holmes and Haggett (1977).
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